The medical understanding of the human body is related to how societies view life and health. This course will investigate early modern medical approaches to the body in their social and cultural contexts, and explore the relationship between medical knowledge and bodily knowledge. On the one hand, we will analyze how the body was represented in social, cultural, political and religious contexts. On the other, we will investigate how medical knowledge and practice both reflected and shaped beliefs, knowledge and values about the human body. The historical time period covered will be mainly 1400-1800. Readings will be in English and French.